Political party Registration

Political Party registration in Jharkhand is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. An association seeking registration under the said Section has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation, as per the guidelines prescribed by the Commission in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Constitution of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

A body or society that wants to exert political influence must form political parties. After the formation of the party, the candidate must apply for registration as a political party. Registration of political parties in India is a smooth process. However, it is very important to consider suggestions from third countries regarding the establishment of political parties in India. Once a political party is formed, the registration process must be completed.

Registering a political party in India is an important step in running a political party. The main body that manages the registration of political parties in India is the Election Commission of India (ECI). It was created as an independent autonomous body that regulates the electoral process in India. In addition, the agency oversees the registration process of political parties in India.

The Election Commission of India was established with the main motive of regulating all forms of political bodies. The main political bodies include the Lok Sabha, the Raja Sabha and various forms of state legislatures in India. In addition, the offices of the President and Vice President are also managed by the ECI.

The bodies of persons representing political parties must register with the Election Commission of India (ECI). Under Section 29A(4) of the People’s Representation Act 1951, such a requirement for registering a political party in India must be met.

The application must be made in accordance with the requirements of the form specified in Schedule I of the Act. Any additional information must be provided in accordance with the provisions of the 1992 Provision of Additional Information.

If a particular association or country requires an application, this must be done under an appropriate letter from that party. The request must be carefully written on the letterhead in question. After this procedure is completed, the application must be sent by registered mail or sent directly to the Electoral Commission secretariat. These requirements must be met within 30 days of the establishment of a political party in India.

Applications submitted after the deadline are considered expired. This means that if the nomination is submitted after 30 days from the founding of the political party, the nomination cannot be accepted because the time limit has expired. This provision is contained in Section 29A(2)(b) of the Representations of the People’s Act 1951.

In order to enable applicants to track the status of the application, the Commission has launched a “Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System(PPRTMS)”. 

Procedure 

An application for registration is to be submitted to the Secretary, Election Commission of India, Nirvachan Sadan, Ashoka Road, New Delhi-110001 in the proforma prescribed by the Commission. The Performa is available on request by post or across the counter from the office of the Commission. The proforma and necessary guidelines are also available on the Commission’s website under the main heading Judicial References, sub-heading Political Party and sub-heading Registration of Political Parties. The same can be downloaded from there also. The application should be neatly typed on the party’s letter head, if any, and it should be sent by registered post or presented personally to the Secretary to the Election Commission within thirty days following the date of formation of the party.

Types of party systems

  • One-party system: a system in which a single political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution, or where only one party has the exclusive control over political power.
  • Dominant-party system: a system where there is “a category of parties/political organizations that have successively won election victories and whose future defeat cannot be envisaged or is unlikely for the foreseeable future”.
  • Two party system: a system where only two parties or alliances, typically placed either side of the center, have a realistic chance of forming a majority. Other parties are very minor or solely regional. Example: The United States
  • Multi-party system: a system in which multiple political parties have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
  • Non-partisan system: a system of government or organization such that universal and periodic elections take place without reference to political parties.

FAQ`S

  1. How do I check my political party registration?

Ans: Need to check what name you’re registered under or what political party you’re registered with? Check your registration status online at voterstatus.sos.ca.gov. Some county elections officials also allow you to check the status of your voter registration through their website, by telephone, or both.

  1. Can you create your own political party?

Ans:  Forming a new national or state political party organization: New party organizations must register with the FEC when they raise or spend money over certain thresholds in connection with a federal election. … When a local party organization is required to register with the FEC, it becomes a local party committee.

  1. How do I register my party affiliation?

Ans: Update or Change Your Voter Registration. If you’ve moved, changed your name, or want to update your political party affiliation, you need to update your voter registration. Submit your changes before your state’s deadline to register to vote. That could be up to 30 days before the election.

  1. How a political party is recognized as a national party?

Ans:  National parties: A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions: … At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.

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